Whether you play a competitive or social sport or go to a gym to keep fit, preventing sports injuries is important. Children are particularly at risk for these types of injuries; however, adults can are also prone.


It’s important to know the different types of sports injuries so you can identify the symptoms and complications associated with each problem. Here are some of the types of sports injuries you may encounter:

Sprains: A sprain occurs when a ligament tears or is overstretched.

Strains: A strain occurs when muscles or tendons tear or overstretch. Strains are commonly mistaken for sprains.

Knee injuries: These injuries interfere with how the knee joint moves, such as a tear or an overstretch to the muscles or tissue in the knee.

Swollen muscles: Swelling is a natural reaction to an injury.

Fractures: Fractures to the bone.

Dislocations: Dislocations occur when a bone is forced out of its socket at a joint like the shoulder.


Your risk of getting a sports injury is increased if you:

  • Haven’t been regularly active.
  • Don’t warm up properly before exercise.
  • Play contact sports.


The most common treatment method is the RICE method, which stands for rest, ice, compression, and elevation. You can also get over the counter and prescription medications to provide relief from pain and swelling.

The home doctor experts at House Call Doctor recommend seeing a doctor if your injury shows signs of:

  • Severe swelling and pain.
  • Visible lumps and bumps.
  • Weakness or inability to put weight on the joint.
  • Instability.
  • Popping or crunching sounds when using the joint.


The most effective way to prevent a sports injury is to warm up and stretch before exercising. Here are some other ways to prevent sports injuries:

  • Learn the proper technique for the sport you’re taking part in or the equipment you are using.
  • Have the proper equipment.
  • Listen to your body and don’t overdo it.
  • Cool down after exercising.